Researchers have dated a sample of the 14ft linen sheet to anything between 300BC to 400AD.
They used forensic tests to compare fibres from the shroud with a range of ancient fabric samples. And they discovered that the material could have been made in Jesus’s lifetime.
Their results contradict a landmark 1988 study, spearheaded by the British Museum, which used carbon dating to examine the cloth.
It said the shroud, which has an imprint of a bearded man with wounds consistent to being nailed to a cross, was actually made in the Middle Ages – more than 1,000 years after the Crucifixion.
But scientists at Padua University believe the original results could have been skewed by centuries of water and fire damage.